Open Source Compliance in the Enterprise

Open Source Compliance in the Enterprise, 2nd edition, by Ibrahim Haddad outlines best practices for organizations to adopt and use open source code in products and services, as well as participate in open source communities in a legal and responsible way.

This fully updated 200+ page ebook includes:

  • How to structure an open source management program
  • Compliance roles and responsibilities
  • Setting an open source compliance strategy
  • An overview of common compliance tools and processes, including new material on OpenChain and SPDX
  • Open source license management best practices
  • And much more!

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Source: Linux Foundation

New Ebook Offers Comprehensive Guide to Open Source Compliance

Open Source Compliance

This fully updated ebook provides detailed information on issues related to the licensing, development, and reuse of open source software.

The Linux Foundation has released the second edition of Open Source Compliance in the Enterprise by Ibrahim Haddad, which offers organizations a practical guide to using open source code and participating in open source communities while complying with both the spirit and the letter of open source licensing.

This fully updated ebook — with new contributions from Shane Coughlan and Kate Stewart — provides detailed information on issues related to the licensing, development, and reuse of open source software. The new edition also includes all new chapters on OpenChain, which focuses on increasing open source compliance in the supply chain, and SPDX, which is a set of standard formats for communicating the components, licenses, and copyrights of software packages.

“Open source compliance is the process by which users, integrators, and developers of open source observe copyright notices and satisfy license obligations for their open source software components,” Haddad states in the book.

This 200+ page book encompasses the entire process of open source compliance, including an introduction on how to establish an open source management program, a description of relevant roles and responsibilities, an overview of common compliance tools and processes, and all new material to help navigate mergers and acquisitions. It offers proven best practices as well as practical checklists to help those responsible for compliance activities create their own processes and policies.

Essential topics covered in this updated ebook include:

  • An introduction to open source compliance
  • Compliance roles and responsibilities
  • Building a compliance program
  • Best practices in compliance management
  • Source code scanning tools

To learn more about the benefits of open source compliance and how to achieve it, download the free ebook today!

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Source: Linux Foundation

Linux Foundation Brings the Year to a Close with 21 New Members Making the Commitment to Open Source

SAN FRANCISCO – December 12, 2018 – The Linux Foundation, the nonprofit organization enabling mass innovation through open source, announced the addition of 18 Silver members and 3 Associate members. Linux Foundation members help support development of shared technology resources, while accelerating their own innovation through open source leadership and participation in some of the world’s most successful open source projects including Hyperledger, Kubernetes, Linux, Node.js and ONAP. Linux Foundation member contributions help provide the infrastructure and resources that enable the world’s largest open collaboration communities.  

Since the start of 2018, on average a new organization has joined The Linux Foundation every day.

“It is incredible to welcome twenty-one new members who are demonstrating a commitment to open source as we come to the end of the year,” said Jim Zemlin, executive director, The Linux Foundation. “The world of open source has seen amazing advancements this year, and we look forward to working with all our new and existing members to achieve even more in 2019.”

In addition to joining the Foundation, many of the new members have joined Linux Foundation projects such as Automotive Grade Linux, the Ceph Foundation, the Cloud Native Computing Foundation, Hyperledger and Zephyr. For a full list of members, visit

Linux Foundation Silver members are organizations that contribute to or otherwise support open source communities and projects. The new Linux Foundation Silver members who joined recently are:

  • Asyncy Inc. shapes the power of microservices to make it truly approachable for individual developers or teams of any size.
  • Clyso GmbH actively uses open source technology to minimize the risks of IT security, licence costs and technical bottlenecks.
  • Cryptape Technology Co., Ltd. engages in blockchain technology and is dedicated to providing infrastructure and services for the next cryptoeconomics.
  • DataCore gives IT departments the essential ingredients for digital transformation: dramatic performance improvements, highly available data, and maximum efficiency.
  • Globo Communications is a cloud based platform that makes it easy to order, manage, and track language support.
  • Guangzhishu (Beijing) Technology Co., Ltd. offers a secure, fast and scalable blockchain-based data collaboration protocol.
  • Guangzhou Technology Innovation Space Information Technology Co., Ltd. offers a blockchain-based distributed ledger and other technologies, integrating internet technology to solve current intellectual property dispersion.
  • Jitsuin Inc applies blockchain technology to shared device lifecycle management as a foundation for truthful data.
  • KEB Hana Bank is a specialized foreign exchange bank in South Korea.
  • Kentik delivers the insight and analytics you need to run all of your networks, old and new.
  • MediConCen Limited liberalizes the existing heavily walled medical network with the use of Blockchain technology, allowing individual clinics to rejoin the insurance market with a one-stop solution.
  • Nippon Seiki Co. Ltd. primarily manufactures and sells instrument clusters.
  • OpsRamp is a digital operations command center – bringing the right operational insights across multiple services.
  • Sinorail Hongyuan (Beijing) Software Technology provides informational technology services including technology development, promotion, and transfer.
  • STC Solutions provides breakthrough integrated technology solutions that matter to people, to the environment and to business enterprises, empowering them to become future proof.
  • TFcloud (Beijing) Technology Co., Ltd. provides one stop services for end to end IT construction from basic environment construction, hardware equipment, to cloud platform operating system, big data, cloud security products and more.
  • Wrapious Marketing Co Ltd gives people equal opportunities to transmit and receive information, so that a society can have free access to information.
  • Xooa Inc is dedicated to making blockchain easy.

Associate members of The Linux Foundation include government agencies and not-for-profit organizations that have demonstrated a commitment to building, sustaining, and using open source technologies. The following organizations are new Linux Foundation Associate members:

  • FASRC – Harvard was established with the founding principle of facilitating the advancement of complex research by providing leading edge computing services.
  • Her Majesty’s Government is the central government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
  • Wall Street Blockchain Alliance is a non-profit trade association created for financial market professionals, by financial market professionals.

With the support of its members, The Linux Foundation hosts open source projects across technologies including networking (ONAP, OPNFV and more), security (Core Infrastructure Initiative), cloud (Cloud Foundry, Kubernetes and more), blockchain (Hyperledger) and more. This collaborative development model is helping technology advance at a rapid pace in a way that benefits individuals and organizations around the world.

Note – The Linux Foundation releases a look back list of new members joining the organization every month.

About The Linux Foundation

The Linux Foundation is the organization of choice for the world’s top developers and companies to build ecosystems that accelerate open technology development and industry adoption. Together with the worldwide open source community, it is solving the hardest technology problems by creating the largest shared technology investment in history. Founded in 2000, The Linux Foundation today provides tools, training and events to scale any open source project, which together deliver an economic impact not achievable by any one company. More information can be found at

# # #

The Linux Foundation has registered trademarks and uses trademarks. For a list of trademarks of The Linux Foundation, please see our trademark usage page: Linux is a registered trademark of Linus Torvalds.

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Source: Linux Foundation

Inaugural Hyperledger Global Forum Showcases Strong Community Momentum

Deployments, demos, project releases and member news underscore the fast growth and evolution of Hyperledger ecosystem

SAN FRANCISCO AND BASEL, SWITZERLAND – (December 12, 2018) Hyperledger, an open source collaborative effort created to advance cross-industry blockchain technologies, today kicked off the first day of its Hyperledger Global Forum. The event has drawn more than 650 attendees from as far as Australia and Argentina for an extended conversation about the state of open source enterprise blockchain and vision for the Hyperledger community and technologies.

Headlined by keynotes like Leanne Kemp, CEO of Everledger, Hyperledger Global Forum addresses a wide range of business and technical topics. Key topics include use cases, production blockchain deployments and live demos of Hyperledger in a range of new systems. Hands-on workshops and technical talks will serve as fuel for the community development at the core of Hyperledger.

For Hyperledger, a project of The Linux Foundation that started less than three years ago, the event is a time to reflect on milestones. Hyperledger has surpassed 260 members, with more than a dozen new members including Citi and Alibaba Cloud announced today. In the last year, Hyperledger launched its 11th project, Ursa, and released development updates to the Hyperledger Burrow, Hyperledger Fabric and Sawtooth frameworks. Additionally, Hyperledger and the Enterprise Ethereum Alliance jointly announced membership in each other’s communities as a way to further bolster enterprise blockchain adoption.

The scale and diversity of the community coming together for Hyperledger Global Forum is a testament to the momentum and evolution of enterprise blockchain,” said Brian Behlendorf, Executive Director, Hyperledger. “With a line-up of more than 260 member organizations, hundreds of code contributors, tens of thousands of community participants and 11 million lines of code, Hyperledger’s community and technologies are a driving force in the increasing pace of adoption of distributed ledger technology. Whether on the technical or business front, the discussions are now about the very real implications and impact of DLT deployments, and the next three days will only advance those conversations.”

Member News

As part of this global gathering of the Hyperledger and blockchain community, a host of members are announcing or showcasing new products, service offerings and milestones. Below is a recap of recent members’ news:

  • AAIS (American Association of Insurance Services) – the only national not-for-profit insurance advisory organization, launched a pilot of openIDL (open Insurance Data Link) to transform insurance regulatory reporting on the IBM Blockchain Platform, which is powered by Hyperledger Fabric.
  • Altoros – released a distributed application built on top of Hyperledger Fabric. The blockchain-based trading platform is a marketplace for peer-to-peer trades of any standardized financial instrument or commodity. It allows users to see the full history of bids, offers, and deals in a single interface. The solution acts as a common immutable and transparent source of “truth” while keeping sensitive information private through the custom functionality of Hyperledger Fabric. Tailor-made reporting feature provides a one-stop guide to pricing and volume trends during the whole trading day which helps save time and increase the efficiency of trading activities. Learn more:
  • Bitmark – announced the Bitmark Health App to help institutions and researchers crowdsource health data and track the chain-of-consent from individuals for its use. By pairing the Bitmark blockchain with Hyperledger Indy, the app enables the secure, verified digital identification of health companies and institutions—such as medical research, trial matching, university labs, big pharma—while still maintaining the privacy of, and chain-of-consent from, each patient. Learn more:
  • Blockchain Technology Partners – recently launched Sextant™, its powerful blockchain management platform, on Amazon Web Services (AWS) Marketplace for Containers at AWS re:Invent. Sextant utilizes a carefully curated Hyperledger Sawtooth distribution – built, tested and maintained by BTP – to deliver one-click deployment of enterprise-grade Sawtooth networks. Sextant is cloud-first, and Kubernetes is the logical choice for production-grade orchestration. Under the covers Sextant automatically generates Kubernetes manifests so that Sawtooth can either be deployed on existing Kubernetes clusters or on brand new ones deployed by Sextant on AWS using Kubernetes Operations. BTP’s announcement can be found here.
  • Blockdaemon – just announced Kinetic Ledger, which provides a tamper-evident seal cryptographically for users’ data. Using flexibly permissioned channels provided by Hyperledger, Blockdaemon’s new offering is in private beta testing using Fabric to provide any number of independent, single purpose ledgers. Blockdaemon became a member of the Hyperledger community in May and has been working closely with members to simplify the process of deploying nodes and creating scalable enterprise blockchain solutions. Learn more about Kinetic Ledger at
  • Circulor – recently launched the world’s first blockchain mine to manufacturer traceability system for raw materials used in consumer electronics and electric vehicles. The Hyperledger Fabric-based system is already tracking tantalum, used into capacitors, from mines in Rwanda.  A large proportion of these raw materials, like tantalum and cobalt, are mined by hand in Africa and are associated with human rights abuses. Learn more:
  • DLT Labs – DLT Labs has announced DL Gateway Fabric™ a development sandbox to set up and manage a blockchain network using Hyperledger Fabric. It can help accelerate the understanding and adoption of blockchain within an organization through a powerful load balanced REST API that interacts with the blockchain. It enables enterprises to build and test scalable applications without any installation or maintenance of blockchain infrastructure.
  • Filament – launched Blocklet™ for Trusted Vehicle Applications (TVA), the industry’s first end-to-end automotive blockchain platform that allows vehicles to participate directly in blockchain and distributed ledger technologies (DLTs). The new solution supports Hyperledger Fabric and Hyperledger Sawtooth frameworks. It includes Filament’s Blocklet hardware technology as well as cellular connectivity, environmental sensing and access to vehicle diagnostics, making it possible for automotive, freight and transportation companies to create new, large-scale connected-vehicle services and smart contract applications on top of a trusted blockchain foundation. Learn more:
  • KoreConX – created its own globally-compliant Security Token Protocol, the KoreToken, which is powered by Hyperledger Fabric. The feature is now available at the all-in-one platform that has been the trademark of its services. The company also organized the first KoreSummit, an event dedicated to educating the business industry about Blockchain and Security Tokens.
  • KrypC – developed an end-to-end production grade application in the area of BFSI, the first trade finance e-marketplace for banks. It is powered by Hyperledger Fabric and proprietary components of KrypC and enables all the banks, FIs, and treasuries to exchange information and assets with others, selectively, securely and efficiently. TradeAssets is in production with more than 15+ banks onboard. Some of the other success stories are in the area of microfinance and travel Insurance, also tokenizing the bill of lading and secured movement of cargo tokens for Maersk, which will set a new standard in an interlocking e2e supply chain.
  • Monax – announced that the Monax Platform is now in private beta. The Monax Platform is powered by Hyperledger Burrow and is a contract lifecycle management tool that allows consumers to easily procure lawyer-tested agreements and stay in full control of their business contracting. Harnessing a unique combination of active agreements, blockchain technology and a business process modelling engine, the platform is designed to move business legal obligations into the networked world. Learn more:
  • OracleTo support customer production launches on its Blockchain Cloud Service (powered by Hyperledger Fabric), Oracle recently upgraded its platform to add:
    • A rich set of REST APIs for events subscription and integration
    • Support for SQL-based rich data queries in smart contracts
    • The first-ever Analytics/BI integration for transaction history
    • Identity federation capabilities
    • Support for third-party certificates for blockchain client organizations

In customer trials, Oracle has demonstrated a hybrid blockchain joining OBCS and Hyperledger Fabric nodes outside of Oracle Cloud. The company also announced Oracle Blockchain Application Cloud, a new suite of business-ready SaaS applications that enhance traceability and transparency throughout the supply chain.

  • SecureKey – Will launch its innovative and in-demand Verified.Me network to Canadian consumers in early 2019. Verified.Me is a blockchain-based digital identity network built upon Hyperledger Fabric 1.2, enabling consumers to stay in control of their information by choosing when to share information and with whom, reducing unnecessary oversharing of personal information. Learn more:
  • Soramitsu and NSD (Moscow Exchange Group) – Jointly launched a new product named D3Ledger, a global distributed digital depository platform based on Hyperledger Iroha. Its main objective is to provide safekeeping of digital assets for large institutional investors in collaboration with regulating partners. A pilot deal was made earlier this year when AddCapital Investment Fund moved an undisclosed amount of Ethereum inside D3ledger’s custody. D3ledger peer network consisted of three nodes for this pilot transaction: KDD (Slovenian CSD), National Settlement Depository and Lykke. A new BFT consensus – YAC – will allow D3ledger to operate at 2000tps by Q1 2019.
  • Sovrin Foundation – announced Sovrin Network 1.6, a decentralized global public network enabling self-sovereign identity on the internet and a successful implementation of Hyperledger Indy. The Sovrin Network is designed to bring the trust, personal control and ease-of-use of analog IDs (like driver’s licenses and employee ID cards) to the internet. This 1.6 update will support the growing global use of the Sovrin Network and the adoption of self-sovereign identity. Learn more:
  • Swisscom – announced a 100% Swiss infrastructure for blockchain applications along with Swiss Post. The two companies are building a simple, secure and sustainable infrastructure for blockchain applications in Switzerland and will present it to the public for the first time at Hyperledger Global Forum. They will also make the infrastructure, which is powered by Hyperledger Fabric, available to other companies for their applications. The market launch for the first pilot applications is planned for the second quarter of 2019.

To learn more about Hyperledger and enterprise blockchain technologies, visit:

About Hyperledger

Hyperledger is an open source collaborative effort created to advance cross-industry blockchain technologies. It is a global collaboration including leaders in finance, banking, Internet of Things, supply chains, manufacturing and Technology. The Linux Foundation hosts Hyperledger under the foundation. To learn more, visit:

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Source: Linux Foundation

Hyperledger Adds Alibaba Cloud, Citi, Deutsche Telekom, and 12 more New Members at Hyperledger Global Forum

More than 260 members now support the leading open source blockchain project

SAN FRANCISCO AND BASEL, SWITZERLAND – (December 12, 2018) Hyperledger, an open source collaborative effort created to advance cross-industry blockchain technologies, today announced Alibaba Cloud, Citi, Deutsche Telekom, and 12 more organizations have joined the project. This news came during day one of the inaugural Hyperledger Global Forum in Basel, Switzerland.

“We are starting Global Forum off with a bang with this impressive line-up of new members,” said Brian Behlendorf, Executive Director, Hyperledger. “The growing Hyperledger community  reflects the increasing importance of open source efforts to build enterprise blockchain technologies across industries and markets. The latest members showcase the widening interest in and impact of DLT and Hyperledger.”

Hyperledger is a multi-project, multi-stakeholder effort that includes multiple enterprise blockchain and distributed ledger technologies. These projects are the result of the hands-on, collaborative efforts of contributors around the world who strive to develop and maintain the code for the frameworks and tools as well as provide governance and organizational resources.

Hyperledger enables organizations to build solid, industry-specific applications, platforms and hardware systems to support their individual business transactions by creating enterprise-grade, open source distributed ledger frameworks and code bases. The latest general members to join the community are: Alibaba Cloud, BlockDao (Hangzhou) Information Technology, Citi,  Deutsche Telekom, Guangzhishu (Beijing) Technology Co., Ltd, Guangzhou Technology Innovation Space Information Technology Co., Ltd, KEB Hana Bank, HealthVerity, MediConCen, Techrock (formerly Walimai), and Xooa.

Hyperledger supports an open community that values contributions and participation from various entities. As such, pre-approved non-profits, open source projects and government entities can join Hyperledger at no cost as associate members. Associate members joining this month include Association of Blockchain Developers of Saint Petersburg, Business School of Hunan University, Sun Yat-sun University and Wall Street Blockchain Alliance.

New member quotes:

Alibaba Cloud

“We are delighted to join Hyperledger,” said YI Li, Head of Alibaba Cloud Application Service. “As one of the world’s top three IaaS providers, Alibaba Cloud strives to provide the best service possible with the highest regard for all customers. Alibaba Cloud‘s Blockchain as a Service (BaaS) is dedicated to providing a worldwide beneficial and trusted infrastructure. While concentrating on the underlying technology, we would also like to invite more partners to join us and co-create a greater blockchain business world.”

BlockDao (Hangzhou) Information Technology

“We are honored to join the Hyperledger community, it is an important symbol of BlockDAO’s development route,” said Jerry Li, COO, BlockDAO. “BlockDAO is an independent blockchain technological community supported by OSChina, that aims to provide community services with code examination and development to blockchain projects. We will provide code support and security for the development of the blockchain industry. We’re very excited to now be a part of Hyperledger.”


At Citi, we’re constantly evaluating how emerging technologies could solve real problems for our clients and create new growth opportunities in the wider business ecosystem,” said Beth Devin, Head of Innovation Network & Emerging Technology at Citi Ventures. “We believe blockchain has the potential to drive new forms of efficiency and develop new markets, and are pleased to join the Hyperledger project to advance our exploration.”

Deutsche Telekom

“Developing our wholesale roaming application on Hyperledger Fabric came as a natural choice,” said John Calian, SVP and Head of T-Labs. “Hyperledger Fabric offers business customers, like Deutsche Telekom and our related partners, a permissioned and open source development ecosystem that integrates production-ready identity management as well as refined confidentiality concepts for multi-stakeholder environments. That is exactly what enterprise customers require to transform their decentralized visions into reality and this is why we are happy to become part of the Hyperledger community.”

Guangzhishu (Beijing) Technology Co., Ltd

“Joining Hyperledger is a milestone for Guangzhishu (Beijing) Technology. Our anchor project, the Points (PTS) platform, is a fintech project that builds a secure, fast and scalable blockchain-based data collaboration protocol for better credit scoring and inclusive finance,” said Sarah Zhang, Founder & CEO of Guangzhishu (Beijing) Technology. “We are very excited to be part of the Hyperledger community, and looking forward to working with the platform to shape an enterprise-grade secure and extensible data collaboration protocol that enables more users to access low cost and high quality financial services.”

Guangzhou Technology Innovation Space Information Technology Co., Ltd

“If the birth of the Internet has triggered an intelligent revolution, then blockchain is the new engine of this intelligent revolution,” said Sandy Xie, CEO of Guangzhou Technology Innovation Space Information Technology Co., Ltd. “We are happy to participate in building and developing the Hyperledger community. With the application of blockchain technology, we are dedicated to solving the bottleneck of the existing intellectual property industry. The birth of Flying Pard IP Trade Blockchain will change the ecosystem of present industry.”

KEB Hana Bank

“KEB Hana Bank has three perspectives on blockchain — globalization, standardization and collaboration networks. We look forward to creating new business opportunities based on standardized technology as part of Hyperledger’s global community,” said Jun Seong Han, deputy president of KEB Hana Bank. “Demand for mobile payments, such as mobile wallet, is increasing due to the rapid growth in cross-border payments. To support such demand, we need a new payment hub that can connect them globally. In response, KEB Hana Bank is creating the Global Loyalty Network (GLN), with a number of banks and payment providers. What’s most important for this project is a global standard technology, so we are joining Hyperledger for blockchain technology that our partners around the world can accept seamlessly.”


“HealthVerity is honored to join Hyperledger to help build and advance the development of open source blockchain technology within the healthcare industry,” said Andrew Kress, CEO of HealthVerity. “We’ve successfully used Hyperledger Fabric as part of HealthVerity Consent, our platform that allows organizations to aggregate and manage all individual consumer and patient preferences in one central location to comply with evolving privacy requirements. As we continue to transform how the modern healthcare enterprise makes critical and defining decisions, we look forward to the support and technical foundation from the Hyperledger community.”


“By joining Hyperledger, we are pushing the boundaries of technology and applying blockchain to make an impact on how insurance and finance are operated,” said David Liu, CTO of MediConCen Limited. “We believe any successful blockchain solution would require a combination of domain knowledge, understanding of regulations and technical knowhow, and partnership. With the strong support of our partners, we co-developed our first medical blockchain ecosystem with leading insurers in Hong Kong powered by Hyperledger Fabric.”

Techrock (formerly Walimai)

“We are excited to join the Hyperledger family and take part in the opportunity to collaborate with this forward-thinking and passionate community,” said Edward Tsang, Chief Technology Officer, Techrock. “The performance, reliability and scalability of Hyperledger is exactly what we need to take our blockchain-based anti-counterfeiting solution to the next level and deliver on our vision of creating a world free of counterfeit consumer goods.”

“ has used Hyperledger for the development of its robust, enterprise grade, production ready trade platform, which is currently licensing to banks in the market,” said Roberto Mancone, Chief Operating Officer of “Our role now as new member of Hyperledger is to continuously contribute to the development of blockchain solutions through distributed ledger technology and smart contracts, fostering innovation in the field of trade, finance, logistics, insurance, manufacturing and all those industries that will converge toward the development of efficient new business models.”


“We firmly believe that the arrival of Xooa marks a turning point for the adoption of immutable ledgers. Our goals is to transform blockchain by making it appealing to all developers,” said Assaf Kalderon, VP of Business Development at Xooa. “Xooa’s platform-as-a-service provides both a trusted datastore and a trusted network. It removes the need to manage blockchain infrastructure, enabling organizations to realize business benefits from trusted and immutable ledgers faster than was ever possible. We are thrilled to join the Hyperledger community and help broaden the adoption of Fabric-based applications.”

Join industry peers in helping build and shape the ecosystem for blockchain technologies, use cases and applications. More information on joining Hyperledger as a member organization can be found here:

About Hyperledger

Hyperledger is an open source collaborative effort created to advance cross-industry blockchain technologies. It is a global collaboration including leaders in finance, banking, Internet of Things, supply chains, manufacturing and Technology. The Linux Foundation hosts Hyperledger under the foundation. To learn more, visit:


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Source: Linux Foundation

Oracle Q&A: A Refresher on Unbreakable Enterprise Kernel


UEK is a Linux kernel that Oracle created to address the needs of customers running demanding software such as Oracle Database on large scale systems.

Oracle caused quite a stir in 2010 when it announced its Unbreakable Enterprise Kernel for Oracle Linux. We’ve checked in with Sergio Leunissen, Vice President, Linux and VM Development at Oracle, for an update on the ABCs of this important introduction as well as the company’s latest take on Linux.

Linux Foundation: First, please remind us what exactly is the Unbreakable Enterprise Kernel (UEK)?

Leunissen: UEK is a Linux kernel Oracle created to address the needs of customers running demanding software such as Oracle Database on large scale systems. Its focus is performance, stability, and minimal backports by tracking the upstream kernel code as closely as is practical. UEK is well-tested and used to run Oracle Engineered Systems, Oracle Cloud Infrastructure, and large enterprise deployments for Oracle customers. The source for UEK is published on GitHub:

LF: Who is seeing the biggest benefit from the UEK?

Leunissen: First, it goes without saying that customers running Oracle software benefit from our development and testing of Oracle Database and middleware on tens of thousands of systems running Linux with UEK on a daily basis. Add to that the demands of running the infrastructure for Oracle Cloud running SaaS applications, databases, containers and Kubernetes clusters, etc. Our customers can take comfort in knowing that the kernel they run is the same one we run.

But, by no means do only Oracle customers benefit. Our kernel team adds features (to) and fixes bugs in subsystems that span the Linux kernel, including networking, block storage, filesystems, etc. This development will benefit any workload relying on the kernel’s overall ability to handle lots of memory, network, and I/O.

Finally, because UEK tracks upstream kernels so closely, the bugs we find and fix are relevant to the mainline Linux kernel.

LF: The Unbreakable Enterprise Kernel is touted as fast, modern and reliable. Can you elaborate on these benefits?

  • Fast – Optimized to run well on large systems with lots of memory and large storage systems. Works well with modern solid state storage.
  • Modern – tracking mainline Linux closely to incorporate the latest innovations
  • Reliable – Extensively tested by Oracle with real world workloads

Most customers we work with must stick to specific releases of core userspace components but do want to exploit innovations from upstream development efforts. With UEK, we are able to balance an enterprise support model with a Linux kernel that syncs up with mainline more frequently.

LF: How much emphasis do you put on security in your kernel development work?

Leunissen: Oracle is a cloud provider that contributes to Linux. Oracle Linux is the host OS for most of the Oracle application and infrastructure offerings.  As such, we work closely with our cloud development team to build a scalable Linux platform with virtualization and container services without compromising on security. UEK is a key part of this.

LF: The Linux kernel developers at Oracle work both on mainline directly and UEK, can you explain how this works?

Leunissen: As mentioned above, we publish the source for UEK on GitHub. Keeping our changes open source enables us to integrate with upstream Linux kernels quickly, which also means we have state-of-the-art drivers and filesystems, hardware support, and security fixes from the community. And, again, because UEK tracks upstream kernels so closely, we don’t spend a lot of time addressing bugs that are unique to the kernel as it relates to Oracle’s efforts. Rather, our fixes are relevant to upstream kernels as well.

LF: Are there particular development projects you are working on that you’d like to highlight?

Leunissen: As a cloud provider, containers and virtualization are important to Oracle. We do a lot of work on KVM and QEMU. For example, we are doing work to make sure Xen VM guests can run as is on a KVM host. Recently we’ve been working on Kata containers (previously Clear Containers), which is a deployment model for applications that combines the isolation of VMs with the speed, footprint, and interaction model of containers. Also, with UEK powering tens of thousands of systems in our cloud, we are doing work to improve the startup time performance for Linux systems by parallelizing kernel boot-time tasks, shaving precious seconds off the startup time for bare metal and virtualized workloads. Finally, it would be remiss not to point out that we are actively working on Linux for ARM with the focus to provide a high-quality Linux OS for 64-bit ARM (aarch64)-based servers.

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Source: Linux Foundation

The Joint Development Foundation Joins the Linux Foundation Family to Drive Adoption of Open Source and Standards

SAN FRANCISCO – December 11, 2018 – The Linux Foundation and the Joint Development Foundation today announced an agreement to bring the Joint Development Foundation into the Linux Foundation family to make it easier to collaborate through both open source and standards development. The Joint Development Foundation is a nonprofit that provides a “standards organization in a box” to enable groups to quickly establish projects. With today’s news, the Linux Foundation and the Joint Development Foundation plan to provide greater capabilities for communities to engage in open source and standards development to speed industry adoption.

“Linux Foundation communities have been engaged in developing open standards and specifications around Linux since day one and more recently with newer efforts such as  OpenChain and the Open Container Initiative to collectively solve technical challenges,” said Jim Zemlin, Executive Director of the Linux Foundation. “Leveraging the capabilities of the Joint Development Foundation will enable us to provide open source projects with another path to standardization, driving greater industry adoption of standards and specifications to speed adoption.”

By offering open source communities a path to standardization and building open source implementations, this strategic alignment benefits developers, corporate contributors and end users who need both outcomes to succeed. Existing and new Joint Development Foundation projects will now have access to the Linux Foundation infrastructure, expertise and project support services when their specifications are ready for implementation.

Linux Foundation projects that want to create standards and specifications will be able to leverage the Joint Development Foundation’s standards development model, as well as the Linux Foundation’s agreements with other external standards organizations, to quickly develop specifications that are consistent with their project’s requirements.

“We are excited to join the Linux Foundation to support the development of specifications and standards with the resources and scale that the Linux Foundation brings to its projects,” announced David Rudin, President of the Joint Development Foundation. “The Joint Development Foundation has brought together diverse communities to develop specifications and source code. We’re looking forward to working with the Linux Foundation, its projects and external standards organizations as we continue to foster new JDF standards.”

The Joint Development Foundation

The Joint Development Foundation helps standards and source code projects to get up and running quickly by providing a turnkey infrastructure. By offering a proven, lightweight governance structure and a choice of industry-standard intellectual property options, projects can be quickly established without the time and expense usually needed to establish a new technical collaboration.

Joint Development Foundation projects include Alliance for Open Media, Decentralized Identity Foundation, Internet of Learning Consortium, and 3MF, and has over 100 members.

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About the Joint Development Foundation
Launched in 2015, the Joint Development Foundation (the Joint Development Foundation) is an independent non-profit organization that provides the corporate and legal infrastructure to enable groups to quickly establish and operate standards and source code development collaborations. More information about the Joint Development Foundation is available at

About the Linux Foundation
The Linux Foundation is the organization of choice for the world’s top developers and companies to build ecosystems that accelerate open technology development and industry adoption. Together with the worldwide open source community, it is solving the hardest technology problems by creating the largest shared technology investment in history. Founded in 2000, The Linux Foundation today provides tools, training and events to scale any open source project, which together deliver an economic impact not achievable by any one company. More information can be found at

The Linux Foundation has registered trademarks and uses trademarks. For a list of trademarks of The Linux Foundation, please see our trademark usage page: Linux is a registered trademark of Linus Torvalds.

Media Contact:
Emily Olin
The Linux Foundation

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Source: Linux Foundation

Automotive Grade Linux Booth at CES 2019 Showcases Amazon Alexa Integration, 2019 Toyota RAV4, and 20 Open Source Automotive Demos

AGL previews speech recognition APIs and upcoming platform release; DENSO, ForgeRock, LG, Panasonic, Renesas and others demonstrate connected car services, audio innovations, instrument cluster, and security solutions running on AGL technology

SAN FRANCISCO, December 7, 2018Automotive Grade Linux (AGL), an open source project at the Linux Foundation developing a shared software platform for in-vehicle technology, will preview new speech recognition APIs with Amazon Alexa at CES 2019, along with infotainment and instrument cluster demonstrations using the award-winning AGL Unified Code Base (UCB).

The AGL booth in the Westgate Hotel Pavilion, booth 1614, will also feature a 2019 Toyota RAV4 with an AGL-based infotainment system and automotive technology demonstrations from AGL members AISIN AW, Audiokinetic, Cognomotiv, DENSO, DENSO TEN, EPAM Systems, Fiberdyne Systems, ForgeRock, Igalia, LG Silicon Valley Lab, Microchip, NTT DATA MSE, Panasonic, Renesas, SafeRide Technologies, Tuxera and VNC Automotive. The booth will be open to the public during CES show hours from January 8-11, 2019.

“Our goal is to speech-enable every application in the vehicle and make it easy for developers to do so. We are very excited to preview our speech recognition APIs through our AGL demo featuring Amazon Alexa at CES,” said Dan Cauchy, Executive Director of Automotive Grade Linux at the Linux Foundation. “Commercial implementations of AGL-based products continue to be introduced to the market, and we are excited to have 20 AGL demos including a 2019 Toyota RAV4 with Entune 3.0 in our booth to demonstrate how companies are using the AGL platform as the starting point to create their own innovative products and services.”

The AGL UCB platform was recently recognized as a CES 2019 Innovation Awards Honoree. Developed through a joint effort by dozens of member companies, the UCB is an open source software platform for infotainment, telematics and instrument cluster applications. Sharing a single software platform across the industry reduces fragmentation and accelerates time-to-market by encouraging the growth of a global ecosystem of developers that can build a product once and have it work for multiple automakers. The new speech recognition APIs support multiple voice agents and will be available with the release of the AGL UCB 7.0 in January 2019.  

Many AGL members have already started integrating the UCB into their production plans. Mercedes-Benz Vans is using AGL as a foundation for a new onboard operating system for its commercial vehicles. Toyota’s AGL-based infotainment system is now in Toyota and Lexus vehicles globally and will be on display in the AGL booth in a 2019 Toyota RAV4.

Automotive Grade Linux Demos at CES 2019

The AGL booth will feature several core UCB demos developed collaboratively by the AGL community, as well as 20 product and proof of concept (PoC) demos by AGL members.

Core AGL UCB Demos:


  • Amazon Alexa: Access Alexa through speech recognition APIs integrated into AGL. Check the  weather, place phone calls and play music and audiobooks.


  • Instrument Cluster: Speedometer and tachometer along with a center display that shows information from the infotainment system such as map data and media player information.
  • Infotainment: Reference applications including media player, tuner, navigation, web browser, Bluetooth, WiFi, HVAC control, audio mixer and vehicle controls

Demos by AGL members:

    • Aisin AW, Robust and Safe System with AGL: The architecture of a system that integrates AGL-based IVI systems and safety functions such as instrument clusters.
    • Audiokinetic, Wwise Automotive: Auditory displays for HMI and safety applications using Wwise Automotive authoring, profiling, and real-time editing tools fully integrated within the AGL platform.  
    • Cognomotiv, Vehicle Systems Health Score: The Cognomotiv AI-modeling solution running on AGL to dynamically assess the health of the entire automotive system during operation/runtime including detecting and predicting faults, failures, malfunctions and misbehaviors using real time data from multiple automotive systems (CAN, OBDII, Drive Compute).
    • DENSO, AGL Cockpit System: Voice control and Auto Pilot with Connected car service; Yelp, Spotify, Parking Assistant manager, and Anomaly detection.
    • DENSO TEN, AGL Vehicle Data Demonstration: AGL Vehicle Data demonstration using real vehicle data from the CAN bus and LIN bus with support for Renesas R-CAR and Intel SoC.
    • EPAM Systems, Aos: Aos, a Connected Services Management and Orchestration System, enables OEMs and Tier 1 OEMs to manage connected services deployment to the cloud and onboard computer.


  • Fiberdyne Systems, Advanced Audio Processing: AGL platform running Fiberdyne’s AVIRT virtual sound card implementation on the Renesas R-Car M3 platform with an advanced DSP audio library and Graphical Mixer interface connected via MOST150 INICnet to the Fiberdyne CES 2019 award winning 9 channel amplifier.


    • ForgeRock, Vehicle-to-Cloud Security & Privacy: AGL identity and privacy layer establishing a cryptographically trusted digital identity of the vehicle to authenticate and authorize vehicle-to-cloud communications including streaming both anonymous and user-consented telematics data, and dynamically managing fine-grain access control to real-time data flowing from the vehicle to the cloud.
    • Igalia, Chromium-based Runtime: AGL HMI running both native and web-based IVI applications seamlessly on different hardware architectures; updated version of Chromium running on the AGL platform and its integration with the Web Runtime and the new Web Application Manager (WAM), which allows IVI applications to run on HTML5 with the same degree of integration and security as native apps.
    • LG Silicon Valley Lab, Autonomous Vehicle Simulator: Autonomous vehicle cockpit showcasing LG’s open source Unity-based 3D driving simulator with Baidu’s Apollo, all controlled from a web-based dashboard (with integrated rear seat entertainment) powered by the Enact framework running in LG’s Web App Manager (WAM), bringing easy, flexible web app development and great user experience to AGL from LG’s highly-acclaimed webOS.


  • Microchip, Networked Microphone Arrays Over Low Latency INICnet™ Technology with AGL: Showcases how distributed microphones/microphone arrays can be powered, networked and controlled over a single Unshielded Twisted Pair (UTP) copper wire from a centralized root node running on the AGL system. It also shows how easy it is for voice assistants and audio processing software (e.g. speech recognition) to interface to an AGL system through a standardized API fully abstracted from hardware.


    • NTT DATA MSE, Application Examples of SmartDeviceLink (SDL) Implemented on AGL: Running SDL-enabled applications which support preventing driver distraction through leveraging vehicle data on AGL and managing permissions of SDL-enabled applications in cooperation with SDL Policy Server. SmartDeviceLink is a technology which connects smart devices to In-Vehicle Infotainment systems.
    • Panasonic, Next-Generation AGL Reference System: A proposal of the reference hardware platform for AGL development which can be installed in vehicle, and the experience of an AGL cockpit system in VR using HMD (Head Mounted Display) and the reference platform.
    • Renesas, R-Car: Connected Car Platform Solution for AGL: R-Car gen3 based application server concept with universal connectivity, cloud assisted application runs on Chromium and AWS cloud connector (greengrass core) runs on AGL.
    • SafeRide Technologies, vSentry™: Multi-layer cybersecurity software solution for connected and autonomous vehicles that combines deterministic and zero false-positive protection for software network and connectivity – including IDPS, Firewall and Access Control – with a Machine Learning and Deep Learning profiling and anomaly detection technology for future-proof security.


  • Toyota, Entune 3.0: 2019 RAV4 with next-generation infotainment system based on AGL.


  • Tuxera, Ubiquitous QuickBoot: Two infotainment systems running AGL, one of which is powered with Ubiquitous QuickBoot by Tuxera, which brings full access to the car’s IVI system within a few seconds. There is a relay button connected to the IVIs which can, shortly, disconnect the power of both systems simultaneously. Once pressed, the button initiates a “cold boot” scenario for the systems – showcasing the boot time improvement in a real-time scenario.
  • VNC Automotive, Connectivity Solution: Connected car solution enabling connectivity between smart devices, the car and the cloud. First showing of full remote control of both iOS and Android devices, plus all popular connectivity standards including Android Auto, CarPlay, MirrorLink, SmartDeviceLink, and Baidu CarLife.

About Automotive Grade Linux (AGL)

Automotive Grade Linux is a collaborative open source project that is bringing together automakers, suppliers and technology companies to accelerate the development and adoption of a fully open software stack for the connected car. With Linux at its core, AGL is developing an open platform from the ground up that can serve as the de facto industry standard to enable rapid development of new features and technologies. Although initially focused on In-Vehicle-Infotainment (IVI), AGL is the only organization planning to address all software in the vehicle, including instrument cluster, heads up display, telematics, advanced driver assistance systems (ADAS) and autonomous driving. The AGL platform is available to all, and anyone can participate in its development. Learn more:

Automotive Grade Linux is a Collaborative Project at The Linux Foundation. Linux Foundation Collaborative Projects are independently funded software projects that harness the power of collaborative development to fuel innovation across industries and ecosystems.



The Linux Foundation has registered trademarks and uses trademarks. For a list of trademarks of The Linux Foundation, please see our trademark usage page: Linux is a registered trademark of Linus Torvalds.


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Emily Olin

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Source: Linux Foundation

Cloud Foundry, Cloud Native, and Entering a Multi-Platform World with Abby Kearns

Cloud Foundry

Multi-platform means enterprises would want a variety of platforms for a variety of application workloads, says Cloud Foundry’s Abby Kearns.

2018 has been an amazing year for Cloud Foundry, with Alibaba joining as a Gold member, and Pivotal going public with its IPO, among some of the highlights. I recently talked with Abby Kearns, Executive Director of Cloud Foundry Foundation, to reflect on these milestones and more.

Kearns has been part of the Cloud Foundry ecosystem for the past five years and, under her leadership, Cloud Foundry has grown and evolved and found its way into half of the Fortune 500 companies, with those numbers increasing daily.

All of the major public cloud vendors want to be part of the ecosystem. “This year, we saw Alibaba join as a Gold member, and Cloud Foundry is now natively available on Alibaba Cloud,” said Kearns.

In 2017, Cloud Foundry embraced Kubernetes, the hottest open source project, and created CFCR (Cloud Foundry Container Runtime). “Kubernetes is a great technology that brings tons of capabilities to containers, which are the fundamental building blocks for a lot of portability for cloud native apps,” Kearns said.

“CFCR, which is Kubernetes on BOSH, allows enterprises to start running containerized workloads alongside Cloud Foundry deployments. … They now have a single plane of operations, which allows them to have a variety of applications,” she explained.

However, Kearns sees that the market is evolving beyond just multi-cloud. “We are entering into a multi-platform world where enterprises are going to be running a variety of technologies and solutions to address the variety of workload needs with their applications,” said Kearns.

When asked what she meant by multi-platform in the context of cloud, Kearns explained, “Multi-platform means that enterprises would want a variety of platforms for a variety of application workloads. There’s never going to be one technology that solves everything. It’s not going to be Cloud Foundry or Kubernetes; it’s going to be a mix. At the end of the day, enterprises are broad and complex. They have evolving needs. They want a mix of technologies that complement each other.”

However, multi-platform brings its own set of challenges. “Technology is the easy part, my big worry is people getting caught up in the hype of something new and then they want to have it. Then they want to have the next shiny thing,” she said.

When you get caught up in that hype cycle, you lose focus on what you need to do. Enterprises need to be aware of this and must ask themselves what do their business need to do? What are the outcomes they expect? How do they leverage technology to achieve that?

“I think taking a step back and asking ourselves what are we really trying to solve,” she said. “I think just for me, sometimes it is — take a breath, pause and think, okay, where, where are we going and why?”

Hear more from Abby Kearns in the video below:

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Source: Linux Foundation

The Linux Foundation and Coursera Launch New Specialization for Open Source, Linux and Git

New 4-course specialization prepares users for working productively with open source communities

SAN FRANCISCO, December 6, 2018The Linux Foundation, the nonprofit organization enabling mass innovation through open source, announced today that enrollment for a new 4-course specialization, Open Source Software Development, Linux and Git is now open. Offered through the world’s largest online platform for higher education, Coursera, students will attain the skills and knowledge needed to work comfortably and productively in open source development communities; have a good understanding of the Linux environment, as well as methods and tools required to successfully use it; and know how to use Git, the distributed version control system. This is the first time The Linux Foundation and Coursera have partnered to provide training opportunities.

Developed by the Linux Foundation’s Director of Training, Jerry Cooperstein, The Open Source Software Development, Linux and Git specialization is a remote learning program designed to give students a strong foundation of skills for working in open source development communities. It is designed for experienced computer users and developers who are looking to enter the world of open source development.

The specialization provides up to 70 hours of lectures and features labs for a hands-on learning experience. It requires that students have some familiarity with other operating systems, and experience working in the command line is also helpful, though not required.

A Coursera specialization is a series of related courses designed to help learners master a specific topic. To complete the specialization, learners must complete with a passing grade every course in the specialization.

”Coursera has a fantastic track record of making quality training programs accessible to individuals all around the world, and we are thrilled to partner with them on this new specialization,” said Linux Foundation General Manager, Training & Certification Clyde Seepersad. “Open source continues its dominance in software development and technological innovation, and providing opportunities to access this type of training will be hugely beneficial to individuals who have previously only worked on proprietary products.”

“At Coursera, we partner with leading organizations to help learners acquire the high-demand skills for the jobs of the future. As more professionals seek to utilize innovative technologies like cloud, artificial intelligence, and machine learning, open source software development skills become critical,” said Kevin McFarland, Head of Industry Partnerships, Coursera. “We are excited to partner with The Linux Foundation, the authority in Linux open source development, to bring these invaluable skills to developers around the world.”

Course Details:

Open Source Software Development MethodsOpen Source Software Development Methods is designed to introduce open source software to students as well as cover its history and the benefits it has provided to the global technological infrastructure. Participants will learn how to work productively while using open source projects, and learn the best practices involving collaboration. The class will also discuss the methods that are commonly used for open source, the use of hosting providers such as GitHub, and provide examples of previous open source projects.

Linux for Developers

Linux For Developers is designed to introduce students to the Linux operating system and teach them how to work comfortably at the command line. Students will be introduced to the Linux platform, and acquire the essential skills necessary for working with the operating system. Students will learn important skills such as learning how to separate the kernel from the Linux operating system, and how to make contributions to it.

Linux Tools for Developers

Linux Tools For Developers will focus on utilizing the tools needed for everyday work involving Linux. The course will cover the command line tools that are used daily by developers. The course will also focus on bash scripting where students will learn how to construct scripts and how to successfully complete complicated tasks in an automated fashion. Students will also learn about files and filesystems, and learn how to compile programs in Linux using compilers such as GCC.

Using Git for Distributed Development

Using Git for Distributed Development will focus on using Git for open source software development. The course will prepare students for using Git efficiently and help them make contributions to projects in a short timespan. Throughout the course, students will learn about Git workflows, how to identify problems in workflows, and how to find solutions to solve such problems.

Registration for the specialization is now open, at a cost of $49 per month until completion. To register for the specialization, visit

About The Linux Foundation

The Linux Foundation is the organization of choice for the world’s top developers and companies to build ecosystems that accelerate open technology development and industry adoption. Together with the worldwide open source community, it is solving the hardest technology problems by creating the largest shared technology investment in history. Founded in 2000, The Linux Foundation today provides tools, training and events to scale any open source project, which together deliver an economic impact not achievable by any one company. More information can be found at

About Coursera

Coursera is an online education company that partners with 170 of the world’s top universities and industry leaders to offer courses, Specializations, and degrees that empower learners around the world to achieve their career, educational, and personal enrichment goals throughout their lives. Since launching in 2012, the company has grown to 35 million registered learners who can choose among 2,900 courses and 300 Specializations. Leading universities are now also working with Coursera to offer online degrees in areas like business, computer science, data science, and public health. Coursera is backed by leading venture capital firms such as Kleiner Perkins Caufield & Byers, New Enterprise Associates, GSV Capital, International Finance Corporation, Laureate Education Inc., and Learn Capital.

The Linux Foundation has registered trademarks and uses trademarks. For a list of trademarks of The Linux Foundation, please see our trademark usage page:

Linux is a registered trademark of Linus Torvalds.

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Source: Linux Foundation